A first glance inside the IEI Plastics warehouse

A list of items which may have been present in the IEI Plastics warehouse at the time of the fire. The Naik group provided chemical safety data sheets for about two dozen compounds which may have been stored in the warehouse, ranging from standard cleaning supplies to volatile compounds. Many of the material safety data sheets are formatted differently depending on the manufacturing company and not all contain the same level of description or data.

Delrin Acetal Resin

Summary: Plastics polymer, 144 trade names.

Supplier: DuPont.

Hazards: Dust can be potential irritant or damaging if breathed.

Fire Hazards: At high temperatures, the polymer can break down into component elements, creating toxic fumes. Those include formaldehyde and polytetrafluoroethylene, or PTFE. Heating PTFE above 300 degrees Celsius can produce polymer fume fever, a temporary flu-like condition with fever, chills, nausea, shortness of breath, chest tightness, muscle or joint ache, and sometimes cough and elevated white blood cell count. Signs can be delayed 4-24 hours after exposure. Symptoms are generally temporary, lasting 24-48 hours and resolve without further complications. However, some individuals with repeated episodes of polymer fume fever have reported persistent pulmonary effects.

Exposure to decomposition products from PTFE heated above 400 degrees Celsius may cause pulmonary inflammation, hemorrhage or edema. The heated material can produce carbonyl fluoride, hydrogen fluoride and other flourinated gases. Exposure, especially under conditions of poor ventilation or confined spaces, can cause chest tightness or pain, chills, fever, nausea, shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing and progression into pulmonary edema, which can be life threatening. Recovery is generally in a few days, but in some rare cases persistent lung function abnormalities have been reported.

Polymer fume fever symptoms appear more prevalent and serious in smokers. Smokers also should avoid contamination of tobacco and wash hands before smoking after being exposed to polymer residue.

Those with pre-existing lung or cardiovascular disease also may be more susceptible to a reduction in blood oxygen which can develop after excessive exposure to thermal decomposition products.

Some variants of Delrin contain carbon black, a known carcinogen, or fiberglass, which can cause respiratory issues.

Delrin does not have any restrictions on fire suppression measures, and personnel are advised to be removed and remain upwind of the fire. Firefighters should wear full protective equipment and breathing apparatus.

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Elvamide

Summary: Nylon Multipolymer Resins. Has nine synonyms.

Supplier: DuPont.

Hazards: No immediate warnings. Contains Caprolactum Monomer which can produce the following effects: Overexposure by inhalation can cause: Irritation of the nose and throat, cold-like symptoms, sickness. Sometimes there are no symptoms. Liver abnormalities. Central nervous system depression with dizziness, confusion, incoordination, drowsiness or unconsciousness. Repeated or prolonged exposure my cause: An asthma-like reaction with shortness of breath, wheezing or cough. Liver abnormalities. Cardiovascular effects. Abnormal blood test results, especially altered hormone levels. There also have been reports of skin contact causing irritation with itching, burning, redness, swelling or rash. Skin permeation may occur in amounts capable of producing the effects of systemic toxicity. Pre-existing issues with the central nervous system, skin or lungs can increase susceptibility.

Fire Hazards: Evacuate personnel to a safe area. Keep personnel removed and upwind of fire. Wear breathing apparatus, wear full protective equipment.

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Surlyn

Summary: Ionomer resin. 30 synonyms/trade names.

Supplier: DuPont.

Hazards: Contains zinc compounds, which are considered toxic. No special handling instructions.

Fire Hazards: In fire, produces carbon monoxide, hydrocarbon oxidation products, including organic acids, aldehydes, alcohols and zinc or sodium oxides. Any form of fire suppression agent can be used, and firefighters are urged to stay upwind of fire and use breathing apparatus.

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Butacite

Summary: PVB flake.

Supplier: DuPont.

Hazards: No specific handling/first aid instructions. Pouring pellets can create a static charge. Difficult to ignite.

Fire Hazards: Combustion produces carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and hydrocarbon oxidation products, including acrolein, butyraldehyde, formic acid, acetic acid and methanol, and oxides of nitrogen. Any form of fire suppression agent can be used, and firefighters are urged to stay upwind of fire and use breathing apparatus.

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Mylar

Summary: Polyester film. More than 140 synonyms/trade names.

Supplier: DuPont Teijin Films.

Hazards: No known health hazards at ambient temperature. High temperatures can produce fumes or vapors of decomposition products of polyethylene terphthalate and isophthalate polymer. The type and quantity of the fumes or vapors will vary based on temperature, time and other variables. These fumes may cause eye, nose, throat or respiratory irritation or other effects such as headache. Black film contains Carbon Black, a known carcinogen.

Fire Hazards: Will be combusted only if it stays in contact with flames. Film tends to shrink away from a stationary fire. Produces carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, organic acids, aldehydes and alcohols. Film can pick up a strong static charge. Any form of fire suppression agent can be used, and firefighters are urged to stay upwind of fire and use breathing apparatus.

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Crastin

Summary: Thermoplastic polyester resins. More than 40 synonyms/trade names.

Supplier: DuPont.

Hazards: Decomposition products caused by overheating Polybutylene Terephthalate may cause skin, eye or respiratory tract irritation.

Fire Hazards: Produces carbon monoxide, aldehydes, tetrahydrofuran. Often is in powdered form which can cause an explosion if mixed with air and exposed to flame or spark. Any form of fire suppression agent can be used, and firefighters are urged to stay upwind of fire and use breathing apparatus.

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Minlon

Summary: Resins. 34 synonyms/trade names.

Supplier: DuPont.

Hazards: Contains Nylon 66, which can cause skin irritation. Contains Carbon Black which is a known carcinogen. Contains Titanium Oxide which can cause nose, throat and respiratory irritation. Can cause irritation, pain or blurring in the eyes.

Fire Hazards: Decomposition releases ammonia, carbon monoxide, and small amounts of hydrogen cyanide and aldehydes. Any form of fire suppression agent can be used, and firefighters are urged to stay upwind of fire and use breathing apparatus.

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Hytrel

Summary: Solid pellets, slight formaldehyde odor, melting point >302 F. 44 synonyms/trade names.

Supplier: DuPont Engineering Polymers

Hazards: Hazardous gases/vapors produced in fire are carbon monoxide. High temperatures can produce irritating and toxic fumes. Hazardous gases or vapors can be released, including acrolein, tetrahydrofuran, crotonaldehyde, acetaldehyde. Do not discharge to streams, pods, lakes, or sewers.

Fire Hazard: Use water, foam, dry chemical, CO2. Keep personnel removed and upwind of fire. Wear self-contained breathing apparatus.

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Fusabond

Summary: White or blue pellets or Powder, mild hydrocarbon odor, melting point >320 F. Autoignition at approximately 662 F. 11 synonyms/trade names

Supplier: DuPont Packaging & Industrial Polymers

Hazards: Contact with maleic anhydride vapour will cause severe nose and throat irritation. This may produce volatile skin, eye, or respiratory irritants on thermal processing. Inhalation of Maleic Anhydride may cause headaches, nausea, irritation or ulceration of the upper respiratory passages, workers have reported nasal irritation after a one minute exposure. This compound may cause asthma-like reactions with shortness of breath, wheezing, or cough. Higher overexposures may cause pulmonary edema with cough, wheezing, abnormal lung sounds, possibility progressing to severe shortness of breath and bluish discoloration of the skin. Symptoms may be delayed. Prompt medical attention is required. Prolonged exposures may cause abnormal kidney function as detected by laboratory tests. Do not discharge to streams, ponds, lakes, or sewers.

Fire Hazard: Failure or malfunction of temperature control systems may create explosion hazards. The solid polymer can be combusted only with difficulty. Complete combustion gives carbon dioxide and water. Incomplete combustion gives in addition, carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon oxidation products including organic acids, aldehydes, and alcohols, acrolein. Use water, foam, dry chemical, CO2. Keep personnel removed and upwind of fire. Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and full protective equipment.

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Zenite

Summary: Pellets with no distinct odor. Materials are aromatic thermoplastic polyester, fiberglass, talc, graphite, pigments, carbon black, titanium dioxide. 36 synonyms/trade names.

Supplier: DuPont Engineering Polymers

Hazards: Store in cool, dry place. Store away from ignition sources and combustibles. Inhalation of Fiber Glass particles may cause irritation of the upper respiratory passages, with coughing and discomfort. Individuals with preexisting diseases of the lungs may have increased susceptibility to the toxicity of excessive exposures. Short-term over-exposure by inhalation to Talc may cause irritation of the nose, throat, and lungs with cough, difficulty breathing, or shortness of breath. Long-term over-exposure may lead to chronic lung disease with impaired lung function and abnormal chest x-rays. Increased susceptibility to the effects of Talc may be observed in persons with preexisting diseases of the lungs. Long-term inhalation of Graphite dust or powder may cause chronic lung disorders with symptoms of lung insufficiency. Immediate effects of overexposure to Carbon Black by inhalation may include irritation of the nose, throat, and lungs with cough, difficulty breathing, or shortness of breath. If particles from Carbon Black contact the eye, mechanical irritation with tearing, pain or blurred vision may result. Short-term overexposure by inhalation to Titanium Dioxide may cause irritation of nose, throat, and lungs with cough, difficulty breathing or shortness of breath. Do not discharge to streams, ponds, lakes, or sewers.

Fire Hazard: Use water, foam, dry chemical, CO2. Keep personnel removed and upwind of fire. Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and full protective equipment.

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Plexiglas G Acrylic

Summary: Clear solid sheets with no odor.

Supplier: Arkema Inc.

Hazards: Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause headache, drowsiness, nausea, weakness. Heated material can form flammable vapors with air. Store away from sources of heating and light.

Fire Hazard: Use water spray, foam, dry chemical, and CO2. Fire fighters and others who may be exposed to products of combustion should wear full fire fighting turn out gear and self-contained breathing apparatus. Fire fighting equipment should be thoroughly decontaminated after use.

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ZYTEL

Summary: Pellets with no odor. Materials can include: polyhexamethylene adipamide (Nylon 66), toughener, lubricants, stabilizers, pigments, caprolactam, polymadie copolymer, fiberglass, carbon black, polycaprolactam. 282 synonyms/trade names.

Supplier: DuPont Engineering Polymers

Hazards: Hazardous gases/vapors produced in fire are ammonia, carbon monoxide, traces of hydrogen cyanide, aldehydes, cyclopentanone. Do not discharge to streams, ponds, lakes, or sewers. Inhalation of Fiber Glass particles may cause irritation of the upper respiratory passages, with coughing and discomfort. Individuals with preexisting diseases of the lungs may have increased susceptibility to the toxicity of excessive exposures. Immediate effects of overexposure to Carbon Black by inhalation may include irritation of the nose, throat, and lungs with cough, difficulty breathing, or shortness of breath. If particles from Carbon Black contact the eye, mechanical irritation with tearing, pain or blurred vision may result.

Fire Hazard: Use water, foam, dry chemical, CO2. Keep personnel removed and upwind of fire. Wear self-contained breathing apparatus.

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NORYL Modified PPE Black

Summary: Stock shape products with slight or no odor.

Supplier: Ensinger.

Hazards: Low flammability. When burned generates dense, toxic smoke. Fumes can cause eye, skin and respiratory tract irritation. Overexposure may result in nausea, headache, chills and fever. Dust can be explosion hazard. Contains carbon black, which is a known cancer-causing carcinogen. Normal usage does not release this compound.

Fire Hazard: Can be extinguished using water spray mist or foam. Carbon dioxide and dry chemicals are not recommended because lack of cooling capacity may allow for re-ignition. Personnel should be removed and kept upwind. Firefighters should wear protective clothing and breathing apparatus.

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WINLITE/Polyvinyl Butyral Interlayer Film (PVB Film)

Supplier: Chang Chun Petrochemical Company

Summary: Translucent flexible plastic film.

Hazards: Particles in the air could form combustible concentrations.

Warnings: None.

Fire Hazard: In event of a fire, wear full protective clothing and breathing apparatus. Decomposition can release acrolein, butyraldehyde, butyric acid, crontonaldehyde, carbon monoxide, adipic acid. Incompatible with strong oxiders. Avoid high heat and flame.

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Picco 2215 Hydrocarbon Resin

Summary: Chemical intermediate. Solid, amber-colored flakes.

Supplier: Eastman Chemical Company

Hazards: Combustible dust.

Warnings: None.

Fire Hazard: Material can accumulate static charge. Firefighters should wear protective gear and breathing apparatus. No limits on extinguishing materials. Avoid oxidizing agents. Decomposition releases carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

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4F968 — Oil Hydraulic

Summary: Hydraulic fluid.

Supplier: Exxon Mobil

Hazards: Spills, mist, accidental eye contact.

Warnings: Gloves and eye protection should be worn. If application would generate a mist, breathing protection is required. Could cause minor respiratory irritation, dizziness, nausea or unconsciousness if excessive vapor/mist is inhaled.

Fire Hazard: Can be burned in controlled environment. If accidentally burned, wear protective gear due to smoke. Product is considered non-toxic and bio-degradable.

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Antifreeze Permanent

Summary: Antifreeze solution.

Supplier: Ashland

Hazards: Possible splash or spills. Users should wear gloves and eye protection.

Fire Hazard: May produce carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide if burned. Hot liquid can froth if being doused by water or foam.

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Propane

Summary: Liquid/gas fuel in pressurized container.

Supplier: Ferrellgas

Hazards: Flammable and explosive. Contents under pressure. Considered a health hazard if inhaled. Exposure to skin can cause frostbite.

Fire Hazard: Extreme fire hazard. Containers can explode if heated. Water can be used to cool containers and disperse fumes. Dry chemical or halon extinguishers can be used to put out flames. In enclosed area, evacuation recommended. Produces carbon monoxide and unidentified organic products during combustion.

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SAFLEX WG Multiplastic Interlayer

Summary: Colorless, flexible plastic film. Pungent odor.

Supplier: Solutia Inc.

Hazards: No significant hazards listed.

Fire Hazard: In event of a fire, wear full protective clothing and breathing apparatus. Decomposition can release acrolein, butyraldehyde, butyric acid, crontonaldehyde, carbon monoxide, adipic acid, n-hexaldehyde, n-hexanoic acid and hexanol. Incompatible with strong oxiders. Avoid high heat and flame.

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Poly (Vinyl Chloride) 353-355

Summary: White powder, odorless.

Supplier: Scientific Polymer Products.

Hazards: Recommended wearing gloves and eye protection while using. Keep in ventilated area. If exposed, wash exposed skin, launder clothing. Eyes, nose and throat irritation can be caused by vapors. Long term exposure has caused cancer in animals including a rare form of liver cancer. Effects can target brain, lungs, hemo and lymphatic systems.

Fire Hazard: Firefighters should wear full protective clothing and breathing apparatus. No known explosion hazards. Can be doused with water, dry chemical or foam. Decomposition produces hydrogen chloride, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide.

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Durastar Polymer DS1000 Natural

Summary: None provided.

Supplier: Eastman Chemical Company.

Hazards: Slight health and flammability hazard. Molten material can cause burns.

Fire Hazards: No information provided.

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NORYL Modified PPE Black

Summary: Stock shape products with slight or no odor.

Supplier: Ensinger.

Hazards: Low flammability. When burned generates dense, toxic smoke. Fumes can cause eye, skin and respiratory tract irritation. Overexposure may result in nausea, headache, chills and fever. Dust can be explosion hazard. Contains carbon black, which is a known cancer-causing carcinogen. Normal usage does not release this compound.

Fire Hazard: Can be extinguished using water spray mist or foam. Carbon dioxide and dry chemicals are not recommended because lack of cooling capacity may allow for re-ignition. Personnel should be removed and kept upwind. Firefighters should wear protective clothing and breathing apparatus.

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Windex Powerized Glass Cleaner (RTU)

Summary: Commercial and industrial liquid glass cleaner.

Supplier: Johnson Diversey.

Hazards: Eye and skin irritant. Contains ammonia. Contains alcohol, making it combustible.

Fire Hazard: Low flash point of 200 degrees Fahrenheit, but does not sustain combustion.

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Clorox Disinfecting Wipes

Summary: Cleaning wipes, orange and lemon scented.

Supplier: The Clorox Company.

Hazards: Eye and skin irritant. Relatively low flash point.

Fire Hazards: Do not store near heat or open flame. No restrictions on extinguishing agents.

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